As Torsten Pötzsch last Saturday morning at 4.52 PM, the SMS on his Smartphone read, he was very relieved. A member of the coal Commission had communicated to him the result of the months-long negotiations in advance. Pötzsch is the mayor of white water in the East German brown coal district, upper Lusatia.
The city directly depends on the coal. Since the reunification, more than half of the inhabitants have already moved away. For years, Pötzsch fighting against existential fear and Resignation. “The exit was politically inevitable,” says the mayor. “But with a view to the structural assistance for the Region, said the overall result is in order.” You must understand the many state of AIDS now, “as an opportunity for us in the structure of the economy in the future, to diversify”. dpa/Federico Gambarini, The open-pit mine in Hambach
The financing of expensive promises is still an open question
From the point of view of the mayor that is understandable. However, the political renunciation of the coal will be very expensive. If, as decided, at the latest, in the year 2038, the last coal-fired power plant from the grid be applied to Germany’s taxpayers about 80 billion euros in addition.
irrespective Of this, the cost of energy is on the rise for years immensely. Alone, by 2025, the electricity customers are made in Germany according to studies, up to 520 billion Euro – the largest share of the EEG levy.
Of the additional 80 billion for the coal exit should alone flow 40 billion as aid to the affected regions. The brown coal areas of the Rhineland, in Central Germany, in the Lausitz between Brandenburg and Saxony not only the loss of up to 60,000 jobs in the case of power to cope with corporations and suppliers, but especially in the East, even the loss of a dominant industry to compensate for structure. Alone, the social plans for the elimination of Jobs cost around five billion.
the New power plants close
The first power plant blocks are switched off out of consideration for the suffering of the East end in NRW. The affected companies RWE and Uniper have announced, for this reason, redundancies. “I expect a significant reduction already in 2023,” said RWE chief Rolf Martin Schmitz. The coal compromise, have “serious consequences”.
Close to also dates the new coal-fired power plant, which should go 2020 for the first time to the network and is considered to be one of the most modern and cleanest power plants in the world. Around 1.5 billion euros invested by the operator Uniper there. In vain. While Germany is pulling out of the coal, are located in the world 491 large coal-fired power plants under construction, 790 more are in the planning.
The compensation paid to the German company, summing up for the early closure of its power plants, and days are built according to initial estimates, a low two-digit billion amount. The domestic coal-fired power plants provide an installed capacity of 47.8 gigawatts. As a compensation of 500 million euros per Gigawatt.
is also still Open, such as the elimination of nuclear power and coal in the next 19 years to compensate. Although the expansion of Ökoenergien is enormously increased, their share of total electricity generation at just 40 percent. In contrast, more than half of the energy today comes from coal and nuclear power. What is unclear is where the so-called base load should come from, so the available power, the supply voltages of wind – and sun-poor days, must be offset. With Gas alone, which is to create. In addition, 95 percent of the gas imports originate mainly from Russia.
In the Federal Ministry of Economics it does not exclude that you will have to import in the event of bottlenecks, where appropriate, nuclear energy from France or electricity from dirtier coal-fired power plants in Poland or the Czech Republic.
in Addition, the majority of predictions of increasing energy demand. Alone, the proportion of battery-powered electric cars is expected to rise, according to a new study by the Fraunhofer Institute, by 2030, from 1.6 percent to 21 percent.
beech is also the promise to the industry and consumer, possibly increasing power to compensate for prices in the future, via the network charges. Are allocated for a year, two billion Euro. However, experts doubt, that this sum is sufficient – mainly due to the energy-intensive industry. Already today citizens and companies pay in Germany with the highest electricity prices in Europe.
resistance of the CDU and CSU
No wonder that the Economic policy makers of the Union, resentment stimulates. On Monday spokesman of the Union faction in the Bundestag, Joachim Pfeiffer hurried to the economy, Altmaier to the Ministry to protest. Pfeiffer price increases and power is afraid of gaps. The competitiveness and security of supply of Germany as an industrial location should not be compromised, warned the CDU politician. Also, the financing must be secured, “the black question”.
Whether the multi-billion dollar promise of the coal Commission, however, can be financed without the Federal government must take new debt, is questionable. To a budget surplus of 1.5 billion euros in the current budget for structural aid and compensation to date, no financial planning. The gloomy economic Outlook, which will be reflected in the medium term probably also on the tax revenue, not reduce because the.
mayor Pötzsch therefore calls for swift Action. “In the nineties, thousands of Bodies have been painted in the East German mining industry, without any compensation,” he says. “We must urge, therefore, now that the promised measures are implemented really quickly.”
In the FOCUS Online/Wochit researchers suggest hot time Alarm: The earth is too warm and it RWE Martin Schmitz, Joachim Pfeiffer nuclear power exit coal-fired power plant EEG is worse-levy energy transition