On paper, the Karipuna are large landowners. 152.000 hectares of rainforest belonging to the indigenous community in the West of Brazil. “We live happily. We fish, we hunt, we bathe in the river,“ says André Karipuna.
But the valuable tropical timber, and the huge estates awaken breeders greed of illegal loggers and Cattle. 11,000 hectares have already been destroyed. “We have no peace as before. It is very scary. With the loggers and illegal fishermen have been – they expel us from the river.“ Rogerio Assis/Greenpeace/Reuters Andre Karipuna shows an illegally felled tree on the land of the indigenous community of the Karipuna
conflicts are fought with weapons
The Amazon river and the vast steppe areas in the North of Brazil has always been the law. Land conflicts between the indigenous peoples and colonists are often held with a bare weapon. Although the traditional communities have established rights, but thousands of kilometers from the capital, Brasília, and the economic metropolises in the South it’s often only the right of the Stronger.
the Indigenous, environmentalists and human rights activists fear that the situation is compounded soon With Jair Bolsonaro, a man moves in on new year’s in the presidential Palace that holds little nature conservation and the economic use of the Amazon region. “If the President is, we can wrap up. This is the end of all indigenous rights“, fear Karipuna. Marcelo Sayao/EFE/dpa Felled trees lie on the edge of a primeval forest in the Amazon region in Brazil (file photo)
Brazil’s key role
The future President Bolsonaro want to designate any new protected areas in the Amazon region, further land clearing in the rain forest and allow the environment to the needs of the economy. “We want to protect nature, but without creating obstacles to progress,” said Bolsonaro recently.
in addition, the Ex-military is playing with the idea of leaving the United States, the Paris climate protection agreement. For the limitation of global warming that would be fatal: in Brazil, the Amazon region as the world’s largest CO2 storage a key role in international climate protection.
“The greatest danger for the protection of the climate in Brazil is the Brazilian government,” said the indigenous activist and climate activist Sonia guajajara language most recently at the UN climate change conference in the Polish city of Katowice (Katowice). There were efforts to expropriate contrary to the Constitution, indigenous lands or to allow such mining. This is fatal for climate protection, because the indigenous people with their traditional way of life protected their Land from deforestation.
In the FOCUS Online drone indigenous people is filming in the middle of the Amazon region “That would be a tragedy,”
Bolsonaro sees the tribal areas, however, especially as unexploited opportunities for Profit. “Under the indigenous Land lies,” he once said. His success he owes to, among other things, the powerful agricultural lobby in Brazil, which penetrates to the release of further land for grubbing. Energy and mining companies in hope under the new government a free Hand in their projects.
“That would be a tragedy: The global climate crisis would be accelerated. The most important global treasure of biodiversity would be looted. And the human rights of the Amazon indigenous peoples are at stake,“ says the Chairman of the Board of the non-governmental organization Germanwatch, Klaus Milke. Isaac Risco Rodriguez/dpa Deforested areas of the forest are to be seen on the edge of the Juruena national Park in the Amazon rain forest (file photo)
“We hear the saws and the Trucks,”
the large landowners, cattle breeders and loggers sell now, already, again and again Indigenous with violence from their tribal areas. “The cry of the Affected in the face of this great injustice must not go unheeded,” says the Executive Director of the Catholic relief organization Misereor, Pirmin mirror. “It must not happen that the interests of the soy – and meat-producers count more than the in the Brazilian Constitution guaranteed the rights of the Indigenous.”
For the Karipuna is their existence in the game. In the 1970s they came for the first Time in contact with White. Many were killed or died of introduced diseases. Today, the base includes only 58 people. “We hear the saws and Trucks, and they are only two kilometers from the village,” says André Karipuna. “Sometimes we see the forest workers. You threaten us. They want to destroy us. You always come closer.“
In the FOCUS Online/Wochit “act of shame”: a German refugee Savior send appeal to Merkel government, flr/dpa