The extreme weather year of 2018 is from the point of view of experts, a foretaste of the future. “2018 was a Sample of what threatens us in the next decades from the climate here,” said the spokesman of the German weather service (DWD) in Offenbach, Andreas Friedrich, after the first evaluation of the data of around 2000 measuring stations. With an average of 10.4 degrees Germany has the warmest year since weather records began in the 19th century. Century of experience.
At the same time of 2018 was also the sunniest of the year and one of the driest. It is only 590 litres of rain per square meters and thus 75 percent of the value is dropped. At least it rained in Saxony-Anhalt and Thuringia. Around 2020 hours in 2018, seemed to be the sun – and, thus, more than in any other year since the beginning of the records of sunshine duration in the year 1951.
“The year was characteristic of what scientists have been talking about for decades,” said Friedrich. Quick Transitions from Winter directly into the summer, extreme weather phenomena such as tornadoes or floods and months of heat and drought: “The year of 2018 in a sign of climate change.” Even if it could always be outliers, such as cool summer, will increase in such a weather: “we must respond to this.”
precipitation may have happy nature will hardly facilitate
What holiday makers, indoor pool, outdoor pool visitors and the ice-cream parlour owner in 2018, was for the agriculture and forestry devastating: drought damage, crop losses and forest fires belong to the negative balance of this unusual weather year. “From April to November, all the months were, without exception, to be warm, dry and sunshine-rich,” said the DWD.
In January, started the year in the review of the DWD already been unusually mild, but still with plenty of precipitation. After two intrusions of cold air in February and March the conclusion was in order: “but at the beginning of April the weather changed within a few days from Winter to summer,” said the DWD in its balance sheet. Both months have been the warmest since the start of regular measurements.
then, When it came time to precipitate, he brought nature much relief: “In may and in the first two weeks of June erupted especially in the South and West, numerous severe Thunderstorms, often with hail and torrential rain.” What came after that, describe the weather researchers as “one of the biggest droughts of the German climate history”.
In July and August, people, animals and plants suffered from periods of under one of the longest and most intense heat: “Summer-warm days with plenty of sunshine and a disastrous lack of Rain dragged on until November,” write the weather researchers. Only the December made with rainfall, the drought to an end.
in 2003, the bar for summer records
In the mean was there were 75 summer days of 25 degrees or more were measured, of which 20,5 hot days when the Thermometer showed more than 30 degrees. So a balance was registered since records began in 1881, in this country never said a DWD spokesman at the summer balance at the end of November.
For comparison: In the heat of the summer of 2003, so far the bar for summer records, there were 62 days of summer and 19 hot days.
two German cities are among the top performers of the exception-the year 2018. In Hesse’s banking metropolis of Frankfurt, it was after the DWD-balance sheet in the section as hot as any other place since the beginning of the records. After the data was measured in the Frankfurt Westend with 12.9 grade, the highest average temperature in 2018. In the capital, Berlin, the sun shone the longest. 2308,6 hours were registered at the Station Berlin-Dahlem.
it was in Frankfurt in the cut of the warmest, from the point of view of the researcher, in addition to the situation with the heat-island effect in cities: The concrete surfaces in the city heat during the day, stronger, in addition, the Bank towers saved a tremendous amount of heat. The consequence of this is that it cools down at night. “It is important that you set now, and the climate remains in a big city like Frankfurt in the next decades, still bearable,” said Friedrich. This includes the creation of new green areas and the planning of a fresh air vent.
In the FOCUS Online is A phenomenon that brings us, in January the extremely cold winter of pk/dpa