What is the birth name – that is to say: what is the surname of a child, regulates in Germany the Civil code (BGB). Rules concerning the first name they were looking for however in vain. The last word in the allocation of first names, the state offices have therefore. They depend, among other things, according to the General administrative regulation for the change of name act (NamÄndG) and according to the case law. So for example, first names are not listed, which are indecent or ridiculous act, and the child could endanger. The state officials confirm the first name of its own motion, also is the “International manual of first names”. First name that are listed in it, may be awarded without further notice.

a Name is Missing, the assignment is not excluded. Rather, it is the state officials to review individual cases. Here, the officials have to adhere to the “service instructions for state officials and Supervisory authorities”. Rejected names and examples of prohibited names, including Satan, Judas, Lenin, Sputnik, Superman, Verleihnix, or forest master. In some cases, have been accepted by state offices, but also names that sound not only weird or funny, but downright mind-boggling. Examples of Pepsi-Carola, Popo, Winnetou and Schokominza. How a child survives in the Kindergarten and school without teasing, when it hears the rose on the well-sounding name of “blue,” not to betray the parents and state officials. The Person

Tobias klingelhöfer is a lawyer and for many years as a legal expert for the ARAG. As a guest columnist for FOCUS Online, he informs consumers about their rights and obligations in different life situations.

gender no longer have to first name be specific

Until the year of 2008 was for state officers the service statement, that typical female names are not allowed to be boys and Vice versa will be awarded. With a few exceptions: first name could be without a sharp boundary, such as Bobby or Kim, both female and male offspring selected. That changed with a decision of the Federal constitutional court (BVerfG) of 5. December 2008. A living in Germany Indian parents had lodged a constitutional complaint, because they have been denied the opportunity to give their daughter the name “Kiran”. The competent registry office, wanted to enter the name only, together with a female second name. Unjustly so, as the constitutional Court. The German Supreme constitutional court judge made it clear that it is permissible, if the parents choose at birth to the child a gender-neutral first name. To the right of the parents to the first name choice may be there is a limit to where its exercise threatens to be detrimental to the child’s well-being. Of a threat to the child’s well-being is to be assumed according to the constitutional Court only if the selected name to the child, obviously, and no consideration of the opportunity offers, to identify themselves by first name with his gender (Ref.: 1 BvR 576/07).

first name

to change a name, it needs valid reasons – for example, if the Name leads to confusion, or very exotic. The administrative regulation also says that “the given names of children that are older than a year and are younger than sixteen years (…) shall only be for serious reasons, for the Welfare of the child changed.” The bureaucratic process is lengthy, time-consuming and especially unnecessary if parents moderate their individualism and their imagination in terms of naming something. It may be that a child must wear the fancy name for a lifetime.

The legislature makes it people who wear multiple given names, but now, after all, easier to have it in the birth register to change the order. On 1. November 2018, the new rule on the so-called “first-order” in the civil status act (PStG) came into force. Thus, it should be the people according to the law’s justification, allows you to leave your everyday first name in travel documents and other official documents. This is not a problem if this name is the first in her birth record stated name.


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